Industries use different kinds of robots depending on the tasks. The robots follow the following criteria. The application Or the kind of manufacturing process, the degree of movement for the robotic arms, the architecture design of the robot and the brand name of the robot. The newest trend in the market is collaborative robot from Universal Robots. Many of the companies dealing with manufacturing robots, one of them being Universal Robots have state-of-the-art collaborative robots in the market that come with arms, programmed to carry out several tasks.
Some of the applications that require different types of manufacturing robots are material handling, welding, palletizing, packaging, assembling, ordering and picking, painting, and many others.
· 6-axis robots
The above robots can carry out various tasks at a go. They come with six axes and are very flexible. Compared to very many other robots, 6-axis robots are a favourite with many industries.
The first axis is at the base of the robot and allows the robot to move freely from right to left. The robot can move to a 180-degree range from its centre point. The second axis powers the movements of the lower arm of the robot by lowering it to move forwards or backwards. The third axis allows the robot to move vertically. The fourth and fifth axis helps to rotate the upper arm in circular positions and move the robot parts between vertical and horizontal orientations. The last axis acts as the wrist of the robot and allows the robot to move freely in a circular position.
· Dual-arm robots
Dual-arm robots come with two arms that work together all the time on any given task. They Are very flexible and have a synchronised motion that allows them to handle items safely. Some of the jobs that dual-arm robots handle are small part assembly, machine tending, or small variable applications, unloading, loading, packing and any conditions that require frequent operator presence.
· Redundant robots
Redundant robots do not move around much like the other robots. They can however accommodate other tools in different positions. A good example of a redundant robot would be the human arm. A human arm can hold anything fixed on a wall but still move the elbow joints and the shoulder.
· Scara robots
Scara robots stand on a vertical axis but can do a rotation with three translations.
· Cartesian robots
These robots use linear slides to do three translations.
· Serial robots
These are some of the most common robots in the market today. Madewith joints and linkages, these robots cone in many forms too. They do not occupy a large workspace and they are very flexible.
· Collaborative robots
Also known as cobots, these are some of the most used manufacturing robots today. They differ from other robots because they work with very limited human interference and guidance. They come with special sensors that can detect any abnormal behaviour around them. Collaborative robots or cobots work alongside humans and fit very well in the same environment. Some of the best cobots from Universal Robots are UR5 series, UR10 series and the UR3 series.
Wrapping it up
All the above robots have one thing in common. They are all very trendy as compared to the traditional robots. They all work to enhance the production processes in every company. They are safe around humans, cost effective and they help to cut down on unnecessary costs in every company.
You however have to consider the applications you need the robot for before the installation and the amount of space available for the robot to work freely without any interference. In some circumstances, you can have different types of robots in the same organisation running different tasks.